Mutual Submission and Mutual Service

By guest speaker Hon Eng

Ephesians 5:15-6:9

15 Look carefully then how you walk, not as unwise but as wise,16 redeeming the time, because the days are evil.17 Therefore do not be foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is.

18 And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled [πληρόωplēroō] with the Spirit,19 speaking [λαλέωlaleō] to one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing[ᾄäùadô] and making melody[ψάλλωpsallō] in your heart to the Lord,20 giving thanks[εὐχαριστέωeucharisteō] always and for everything to God the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ,21 submitting [ὑποτάσσωhypotassō] to one another in the fear [φόβοςphobos] of Christ.

[A Greek participle can function as an imperative.]

paterfamiliasfather of the family” with patria potestas “power of a father”

21 Submit [ὑποτάσσωhypotassō] to one another in the fear [φόβοςphobos] of Christ.

22 αἱγυναῖκες[no verb] τοῖςἰδίοιςἀνδράσινὡςτῷκυρίῳ

haigu-nai-kes[no verb] toisi-di-ois  an-dra-sin  hos  to  ku-rio

22 Wives, _______ [no verb] to your own husbands, as to the Lord.23 For the husband is head [κεφαλήkephalē] of the wife, as also Christ is head [κεφαλήkephalē] of the church; and He is theSaviorof the body.24 But as the church submits [ὑποτάσσωhypotassō] to Christ, so let wives [no verb “submit”] to their husbands in everything.

25 Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her,

26 so that [ἵíá] He might make her holy [ἁγιάζωhagiazō], having cleansed her by the washing of water with the word,

27 so that [ἵíá] He might present to Himself a glorious church, having no spot or wrinkle or any such thing,

sothat[ἵíá] she would be holy [ἅγιοςhagios]and blameless.

28 So husbands ought also to love their own wives as their own bodies. He who loves his own wife loves himself29 for no one ever hated his own flesh, but nourishes [ἐκτρέφωektrephō]and cherishes it, just as Christ also does the church,30 because we are members of His body.31 “For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.”32 This is a great mystery, but I am talking about Christ and the church.33 However, each one of you also must love [imperative] his wife as he loves himself

so that [ἵíá] the wife may fear [φόβοςphobos] her husband. [ἵíá clause + subjunctive in form à imperative in function]

6:1 Children, obey [ὑπακούωhypakouō] your parents in the Lord, for this is right.“Honor your father and mother” (this is the first commandment with a promise),

“so that [ἵíá] it may go well with you and that you may live long in the land.”

Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but nourish[ἐκτρέφωektrephō]them in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.

Slaves, obey [ὑπακούωhypakouō] your earthly masters with fear [φόβοςphobos] and trembling, in the sincerity of your heart, as to Christ,not by way of eyeservice, as people-pleasers, but as slaves of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart, with goodwill doing service, as to the Lord, and not to people,knowing [οἶδα oida] that whatever good thing each one does, this he will receive back from the Lord, whether slave or free.

Masters, do the same things to them, and stop your threatening, knowing [οἶδα oida] that your own Master also is in heaven, and there is no partiality with Him.

Ephesians 5:15-6:9 (Greek NT, NASB, NKJV,ESV, NIV, HEV)